What are Monomers?

A monomer is a molecule that may bind chemically to other molecules to forms a polymer. The term “monomeric protein” may also be used to describe one of the proteins making up a multiprotien complex. The most common natural monomer is glucose, which is linked by glycosidic bonds into polymers such as cellulose and starch, and is over 77% of the mass of plant matter. Most often the term monomer refers to the organic molecules which form synthetic polymers, such as, for example, vinyl chloride, which uses to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride. The process by which monomers combine end to end to form polymer is called polymerization. Molecules made up to a few dozen, are called oligomers.